Currently, available therapies may be helpful in addressing the symptoms of osteoarthritis or knee pain.
Non-Surgical Treatment for Knee Pain
Non-surgical treatment may slow the progression of osteoarthritis, increase motion, and improve strength. Most treatment programs combine lifestyle modifications, medication, and/or physical therapy.
Lifestyle Modifications for Knee Pain
Your doctor may recommend rest or a change in activities to avoid provoking osteoarthritis pain. This advice may include modifications in work or sports activities. It may mean switching from high-impact activities, such as aerobics, running, jumping, or competitive sports, to low-impact exercises, such as stretching, walking, swimming, or cycling. Osteoarthritis affects weight-bearing joints, such as the knee. A weight loss program may be recommended by your doctor.
Medications for Knee Pain
Pain-relieving drugs, like acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol) can help reduce pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, can help reduce pain and inflammation. Your doctor may recommend strong anti-inflammatory agents called corticosteroids, which are injected directly into the knee joint. Corticosteroids provide temporary relief of pain and swelling.
Physical Therapy for Knee Pain
A balanced fitness program and physical therapy may improve joint flexibility, increase range of motion, reduce pain, and strengthen muscle, bone, and cartilage tissues. Supportive devices, such as a brace, splint, elastic bandage, crutches, or walker may be recommended. Ice or heat may be applied to the affected joint for short periods, several times a day.
If you are suffering from knee pain following meniscus surgery or without effective treatment options, the NUsurface® Implant may provide an alternative option. The NUsurface Implant mimics the function of the natural meniscus and redistributes loads transmitted across the knee joint. The implant is made from medical grade plastic and, as a result of its unique materials, composite structure and design, does not require fixation to bone or soft tissues. The NUsurface Implant has the potential to address the treatment gap of those suffering from meniscus deficiency and deterioration who are too old for meniscus repair and too young for total knee arthroplasty. U.S. clinical trials completed enrollment in June 2018, and Active Implants is expecting to file for regulatory approval in the U.S. in the next 2 years.